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2019 / 12 期

發布日期:2019/10/02

【中/英】外帶餐點吃完之後…哪些是紙類回收,哪些又是紙容器回收呢?

【中/英】外帶餐點吃完之後…哪些是紙類回收,哪些又是紙容器回收呢?

圖說:便當吃完、手搖飲喝完後,手中的紙餐具與紙杯連同外帶紙袋,你是不是有「丟入紙類回收垃圾桶」的習慣,但可能你不知道,其實紙類跟紙餐具的回收是有「眉角」的!(攝/黃家儀)

Caption: After finishing your lunch box and hand-shaken drink, do you have the habit of putting the paper tableware and paper cup along with the takeout paper bag in the “paper recycling bin?” You may not know that there is a “tip” for recycling paper and paper tableware!

【EN】After finishing your takeout meal, do you know which paper and paper containers need to be recycled?

其實紙容器,包含飲料紙餐盒包、鋁箔包、便當盒及紙餐具,由於用途為盛裝飲料、湯汁與熟食等食材,餐飲用完後容器裡頭難免會有些湯湯水水與殘渣,建議大家一定要順手沖、或用使用過後的衛生紙或紙巾簡易擦拭,,將大部分的廚餘清除後以堆疊方式做紙容器類回收;而鋁箔包則隨手壓扁將內部空氣擠出,最後才將它們丟進回收桶。

Paper containers, including paper beverage cups, aluminum foil bags, lunch boxes, and paper tableware served to hold drinks, soups, and cooked foods may inevitably create liquid waste and residue after eating. It is recommended to rinse them or wipe them with used tissue paper or paper towel after use. After removing most of the food scraps, it is best to stack the paper containers to ease paper container recycling. For aluminum foil bags, they should be flattened to squeeze out air before throwing them into the recycling bin.

多這兩個小動作,可以避免因為廚餘而滋生細菌、紙餐盒也因為變得較為扁平,比較不占空間,讓回收變得更容易。

These two additional small practices can avoid the breeding of bacteria due to food scraps. Meanwhile, flattened paper food containers will occupy less space to ease recycling efforts.

紙容器回收流程,與廢紙分開回收才是正解!

The correct recycling process is to recycle the paper containers and waste paper separately.

圖說:紙容器處理流程。(圖/環保署回收基管會)

圖說:紙容器處理流程。(圖/環保署回收基管會)

Caption: Paper container processing of Lien Tai Paper Corp. (Diagram: Provided by Lien Tai Paper Corp.)

此外,有很多人不知道的是,原來「紙容器」與「紙」必須分開回收,紙容器會在容器內部加入塑膠或鋁箔薄膜隔絕食物與紙包裝,讓容器的防水防潑灑與保溫功能更好。正是因為這層緣故,所以紙容器並非由單純的「紙漿」做成,而是由紙與塑膠或鋁箔薄膜材質組成的。

Many people do not realize that “paper containers” and “paper” must be recycled separately. The paper container’s interior is laminated with a plastic film or aluminum foil to separate the food from the paper packaging. The purpose is to enhance waterproofing, anti-spilling, and heat preservation features of the paper containers. It is because of this laminated layer that results in the paper containers not being purely composed of “pulp,” instead consisting of paper, plastic film, or aluminum foil material.

以鋁箔包來說,其包材內就含有鋁箔、PE淋膜等等,而紙餐具除PE淋膜外,有時還會經過浸蠟處理。也正因如此,紙容器與「紙」才必須分開回收,這或許是一般民眾最容易混淆的事情了。

In the case of aluminum foil bags, the packaging material contains aluminum foil, PE coating, and other materials. In addition to PE coating, paper tableware may also have a wax coating. For this reason, paper containers and “paper” must be recycled separately. Perhaps, this is the most confusing thing for the general public.

臺灣多半的廢紙容器,只要進入正確的回收流程後,都會被送到可處理廢紙容器的回收廠進行處理,以位於苗栗「連泰紙業」為例,廢紙容器的回收處理流程,會因為包材的特性不同而有不同作法,如「塑膠」在廢紙容器回收處理過程中,就會經過三道清洗程序,他們會先以像是「果汁機」原理運轉的「水力散漿機」,將廢紙容器上的紙漿、塑膠膜與鋁箔等其他包材分離,取出的紙漿,可供造紙廠做為再生紙的原料。

In Taiwan, when most of the waste paper containers enter the correct recycling process, they will be sent to the recycling plants that can process the waste paper containers. Take “Lien Tai Paper" in Miaoli as an example: the recycling process of waste paper containers is treated differently depending on the characteristics of the packaging materials. For example, the “plastics” in waste paper containers will undergo three cleaning procedures during the recycling process. Initially, they will enter the “hydropulping” process which operates on the same principle of a “blender,” separating the pulp, plastic film, aluminum foil, and other packaging materials in the waste paper containers. The pulp is then extracted and used as recycled paper raw materials by paper mills.

再來,則會利用水的浮力將回收時混入的雜質排除,將塑膠膜取出後,再進入「鋁塑分離」的流程,最後塑膠再經過一次清洗,將塑膠送入造粒機,進行造粒,並可提供給塑膠工廠做為原料。

Subsequent procedures include a buoyancy process that uses water to remove the impurities that got mixed up during the recovery process, plastic film removal, “aluminum-plastic separation” process, plastics rinsing, transferring the plastics to the granulator to yield plastic pellets, and providing them to plastic factories as raw materials.

仔細分解每個餐盒內可以再提煉出來使用的再生料,整體來說紙容器回收仍然極具效益,送到對的地方進行再利用,就是資源回收循環過程裡最美的事情。

In terms of paper container recycling, it is overall very beneficial to decompose every lunch box carefully to re-extract the reusable materials. If we send the paper containers to the correct place for reuse, it is considered the most beautiful thing in the process of resource recycling.

延伸閱讀:咖啡紙杯、紙製便當盒回收後怎麼處理? 帶你一窺紙容器處理流程

紙容器用量連年攀高,更要做好回收!

Due to the increasing use of paper containers year after year, we should strive to do more recycling!

圖說:「紙容器」與「紙」必須分開回收,它們進入回收再生的循環流程,也完全不同。(攝/楊子槿)
圖說:「紙容器」與「紙」必須分開回收,它們進入回收再生的循環流程,也完全不同。(攝/楊子槿)

Caption: “Paper containers” and "paper" must be recycled separately, and need to undergo different recycling and circulation processes. (Photo: Provided by Yang Zi Jin)

在政府近年來戮力推動限塑政策後,臺灣外食人口又多,近年紙容器的使用率愈來愈高,臺灣正確的紙餐具用量因沒有單一統計單位而較難掌握,但以經濟部統計處於2018年3月發布的統計資料看出趨勢,因為消費行為改變,紙容器產業已經連續5年成長,2018年產值達644億元新臺幣,年增6.94%、42億元。

The government has been working very hard to promote the policy restricting the use of plastics in recent years, but the usage rate of paper containers has become higher and higher recently due to a large population that eats out in Taiwan. It is difficult to grasp the correct paper tableware usage data in Taiwan due to lacking a single statistical unit. Based on the statistics released in March 2018 by the Department of Statistics, Ministry of Economic Affairs, the paper container industry has been thriving for five consecutive years due to the large population that eats out and also changes in consumer behaviors. This has resulted in the output value of paper containers reaching NT$64.4 billion, representing an increase of 6.94% and $4.2 billion.

從這個數字看來,便知道「隨用即丟」的紙容器,若沒有妥善回收處理,很可能變相地成為另外一種環境負擔,試想假日的超市大賣場內,三步兩步內就有一個試吃攤位,每人隨手拿一個小紙杯、紙餐盒試吃商品後隨即丟棄,累積起來的數量非常驚人,其實某種程度而言,這就是一種浪費。

From this figure, we know that if the disposable paper containers are not properly recycled, they may, on the other hand, become another environmental burden. Let’s imagine the scenario in a hypermarket during a holiday - there are numerous free food sampling stations lined up and each consumer is holding a small paper cup to try out the free food samples, which is then discarded immediately after eating the food. The accumulated number of discarded cups is alarming, and it is indeed a waste to some extent.

身為使用者,除了自備餐具、減少紙容器的用量外,最好的方式是,在使用後按照正確的方式回收,使資源可以由紙容器回收處理流程循環再利用,創造更友善的環境。

As a user, besides bringing your own tableware and reducing the use of paper containers, the best way is to recycle them correctly after use. It will allow the resources to be recovered from the paper container recycling process to create a friendlier environment.

 

延伸閱讀影音:【中/英】紙容器該怎麼分類?你回收的紙容器去哪了?

 

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