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2020 / 18 期

發布日期:2020/09/02

【中/英】正確回收廢資訊物品,另類「城市礦場」正夯

【中/英】正確回收廢資訊物品,另類「城市礦場」正夯

電腦主機的處理流程,大致可分為拆解、粉碎、分選及精煉,經再生處理後煉出各類金屬,如金、銅、鐵、鋁及玻璃、塑膠製品等再生料,而顯示器則在拆解後多一道「螢光粉去除」的程序。(圖/shutterstock)

The treatment process of PC cases can be basically divided into dismatling, shredding, classification, and refining. After regeneration, we can extract all kinds of metals, such as gold, copper, iron, aluminum and glass, plastic products, and other recycled materials. The monitors after dismatled will need one more treatment process which is "removal of fluorescent powder".

【EN】“Urban Mining” from properly recycled discarded IT equipment

聯合國「2020年全球電子廢棄物監測」指出,2019年全球產生的電子垃圾高達5,360萬公噸,然而這名符其實的「綠金」實際上卻只被回收了17.4%,其餘8成都被掩埋或以焚化處理。但在廢資訊物品中含有貴重金屬及許多能再生使用的原料,若能妥善回收,也賦予了廢資訊物品新的生命。

According to the “The Global E-waste Monitor 2020”published by the UN, in 2019, approximately 53.6 million metric tons (Mt) of e-waste was generated, yet the veritable “Green Gold” was actually recycled at only 17.4% while the remaining 80% were buried or incinerated. However, discarded IT equipment contains precious metals and many reusable raw materials.

圖說:民眾將廢資訊物品交由清潔隊、回收商後,就被運往資源回收處理廠,其中有價物質得以經由再資源化程序後加以回收,而剩餘無法再利用的物質,則交由合格之代清除處理業者予以妥善處理。(圖/行政院環境保護署)

After the public has handed over the discarded IT equipment to the cleaning team and the recyclers, these are transported to the resource recycling treatment plants, where the valuable substances can be recycled, and the remaining which cannot be reused will be properly disposed of by qualified cleaning and disposal companies.

在臺灣,2019年廢電子電器及資訊物品回收率達64%。這些生活中廢資訊物品回收後,會經過不同的回收處理流程再製成可利用的資源。以桌上型或可攜式電腦為例,主機經拆解後將分解為銅、鐵、鋁、塑膠以及IC板等電子廢料,其中IC板等電子廢料,經粉碎、分選後,會再分離出玻璃纖維樹脂粉、銅鐵、錫、鉛等金屬,接著藉由精煉程序,最終可再得金、銀、鈀等貴金屬。

In 2019, the recycling rate of waste electrical and electronic equipment and IT equipment in Taiwan was 64%. The discarded items in life can be recycled and turned into available resources through different recycling processes. Take desktops or laptops as examples, they will be dismantled first and then decomposed into copper, iron, aluminum plastic and IC boards and other electronic wastes. Among them, IC boards and other electronic wastes will be further shredded and classified and then separated according to fiberglass resin powder, copper iron, tin, lead, and other metals. At last, after they are refined, precious metals such as gold, silver, palladium, etc. can be extracted.

向掩埋場說:ByeBye!正確回收管道,讓廢資訊物品變身城市礦場

Say goodbye to landfill! Correct recycling channels can turn discarded IT equipment into urban mines.

為鼓勵落實廢資訊物品妥善回收處理,各地環保局不定期舉辦獎勵活動並增設多元回收管道。

圖說:為鼓勵落實廢資訊物品妥善回收處理,各地環保局不定期舉辦獎勵活動並增設多元回收管道。(圖/新北市環境保護局)

In order to encourage the proper recycling of discarded IT equipment, local ronmental departments hold incentive programs from time to time and set more diversified recycling channels.

究竟我們要如何幫助如筆記型電腦、平板電腦及鍵盤等廢資訊物品進入「城市礦場」,化身為可利用的再生資源?首先可以直接交給資源回收車或查詢住家附近是否有廢電腦回收商,目前向基管會登記的回收門市共有500多處,亦可撥打免費專線(0800-085717)查詢。

How can we actually help discarded IT equipment such as laptops, tablets and keyboards become an urban mine and turn them into available reusable resources? First of all, we can bring them directly to the recycling vehicle or check if there are waste computer recyclers in the neighborhood. So far there are more than 500 recycling companies registered with the Recycling Fund Management Board, or you can call the toll-free line (0800-085717) to inquire.

行政院環保署公告之廢資訊物品共有以下8個項目:可攜式電腦(包含筆記型電腦和平板電腦)、主機板、硬式磁碟機、電源器、機殼、顯示器、印表機、鍵盤等。要注意的是,手機目前並未被列入廢資訊物品中,但手機內超過6成的零件都是可以回收為新手機所利用的,因此各大品牌及通訊商皆有提供舊換新方案或是回收服務,民眾千萬不要隨意丟棄,手機中的電路板含有銅、鋁、白金等重金屬,若未經妥善處理,很容易造成土壤及水的環境污染。

There are eight items of waste information included in the list by the Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) of the Executive Yuan: mobile computers (including laptops and tablets), motherboards, hard magnetic drives, power supplies, enclosures, monitors, printers, keyboards, etc. They may cause soil and water pollution if not properly handled.

為因應「城市採礦」的概念,環保署與各縣市政府為鼓勵民眾積極參與廢資訊物品回收處理,經常不定期地舉辦獎勵活動,促使民眾將塵封在家許久的舊式電腦主機、印表機、鍵盤及筆記型電腦拿出家中,以此兌換贈品、點數或抵用券等。因此,民眾在回收前也可以查詢所在地是否有相關活動喔!

In response to the concept of "Urban Mining", in order to encourage the public to actively participate in the recycling of discarded IT equipment, the EPA and the county and municipal governments often provide incentives to encourage people to take out their old computer cases, printers, keyboards and laptops that just gather dust at home in exchange for gifts, points or vouchers. Therefore, people can also check their area before recycling whether there are any relevant incentive programs! 

延伸閱讀影音:尋找在廢資訊物品中的貴重金屬

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