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2020 / 3 期

發布日期:2020/02/05

【中/英】LED照明光源回收處理流程大公開

 English Version:The Disclosure of LED Light Sources Recycling Process

R哥:R妹,今天你不是有去參觀LED廢照明光源回收處理廠,有學到什麼嗎?

Sister R, after visiting the recycling plant of waste LED light sources today, did you learn anything?

R妹:當然有啊!那我先考考R哥,你覺得為什麼要回收廢照明光源?

Of course! Now I’ve got a question for you, Mr. R. Why should waste light sources be recycled?

R哥:我記得…廢照明光源裡面有玻璃、塑膠、鐵、鋁等,可以回收再利用的材質,但因為也有有害物質汞,所以一定要回收處理。

I remember that there are glass, plastic, iron, aluminum, and other metals in the waste light sources that can be recycled and reused, but there is also hazardous mercury that must be recycled and treated.

R妹:沒錯~傳統的廢照明光源含「汞」,如果沒有好好處理對環境會產生危害!但是,LED是不含「汞」的唷~

That’s right! Conventional waste light sources contain “mercury,” which is harmful to the environment if not handled properly, but LED light bulbs don’t contain “mercury.”

R哥:哇!不含汞、又省電,LED真的超讚der!

Wow! LED light bulbs are mercury-free and power-saving. How impressive!

R妹:由於 LED 照明光源由多種材質組成,回收處理的過程中,跟傳統的廢照明光源處理的流程跟設備都不同喔!

Since LED light sources are composed of many materials, the recycling processes of waste light sources are different from the conventional treatment procedures and equipment.

首先以破碎機破碎,經磁選機分離磁性物質廢鐵,再進入渦電流分選機,分離非磁性金屬廢鋁,最後以人工拆解方式將分離電路板及塑膠拆開分離,交給相關業者進行循環再利用。而廢電路板,則是交給甲級廢棄物處理廠處理。

First of all, the LED light bulbs go through a crusher machine, then the magnetic iron scraps separated by a magnetic separator and the non-magnetic aluminum scraps are separated using an eddy current separator. Then, the printed circuit boards (PCBs) and plastics are isolated and dismantled manually and sent to relevant enterprises for recycling and reuse. The waste PCBs are sent to Class A waste treatment plants.

R哥:環保署回收基管會的回收綠報報,有提到2018 年臺灣回收的廢照明光源就有 4,555 公噸,把回收的燈泡連接起來,可以繞行臺灣約 25 圈,回收率達九成,是很棒的回收成果!但沒想到原來傳統燈泡跟LED燈泡回收處理流程不一樣,你這次真的學到很多捏~

An EPA E-paper reported that Taiwan recycled 4,555 metric tons of waste light sources in 2018. If we were to line up all the recycled recovered bulbs, they could circle Taiwan about 25 times. With a 90% recovery rate, it’s an incredible recycling result! But I didn’t expect that the recycling processes of conventional light bulbs are different from LED light bulbs. You’ve learned a lot this time.

R妹:對呀,而且環保署回收基管會在推動高回收成果的背後,也有定期刊出「資源回收電子報-回收綠報報」其實裡面一直都有持續報導臺灣資源回收大小事!你也還是要定期收看,才會知道最新的資收二三事唷!

Indeed! On top of the promotion of high-recycling achievements by the EPA’s Recycling Fund Management Board, there are also periodicals published in the “recycling e-newsletter – Green Recycling News,” where news of Taiwan’s resource recycling is constantly updated! It’ll help you to keep up with the latest information if you read it regularly.

R哥:吼吼~不只咧!我還有追蹤Facebook還有訂閱環保署的Youtube,開啟小鈴鐺,還有分享給我所有的朋友~這麼讚的內容,一定會大力支持,一起愛地球啦!

You bet ! I also follow the EPA’s Facebook page and have subscribed to its YouTube channel, and even click the small bell icon from time to time to share the news with all my friends. The excellent content has prompted me to join everyone in supporting and loving the earth even more.

 

延伸閱讀文章:【中/英】LED vs. 傳統燈泡,廢照明光源回收處理hen不同!

 

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