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2019 / 17 期

發布日期:2019/12/11

【中/英】「回收前隨手捏」,輕鬆分辨鐵鋁罐!

【中/英】「回收前隨手捏」,輕鬆分辨鐵鋁罐!

圖說:喝完啤酒、可樂,在簡單清潔後隨手一捏或是踩扁,不僅可以分辨空瓶、更能縮小回收時的體積,方便攜至資源回收車。(圖/行政院環境保護署回收基管會)

After drinking beer and cola, either crush or stamp the can flat after basic cleaning. Not only will it be obvious that the can is empty, but the physical volume of the can will be reduced before it is taken to the recycling truck.

【EN】‘Crush it before Recycling’ - Easily Tell the Difference between Iron and Aluminum Cans!

2018年臺灣的廢容器回收量已達50.1萬公噸,相當於10萬輛垃圾車的重量,行政院環境保護署公告的應回收容器類包含廢鋁容器、廢鐵容器、廢玻璃容器、廢鋁箔包、廢紙盒紙餐具、廢塑膠容器以及農藥廢容器等;每月金屬回收量平均約為400萬公斤,整體回收率達53.26%,如金屬容器這類具有高度的再生利用價值的回收容器,在丟棄前隨手清潔及分類,即能為循環經濟踏出第一步。

In 2018, the recycling volume of scrap containers in Taiwan reached 501,000 metric tons, which is equivalent to the weight of 100,000 garbage trucks. In fact, the list of containers suitable for recycling published by the Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) of the Executive Yuan includes waste aluminum containers, waste iron containers, waste glass containers, waste aluminum foil, waste paper containers and napkin tableware, waste plastic containers, and waste pesticide containers. As a whole, the monthly recycling volume for metal has averaged about 4 million kilograms, with an overall recycling rate of 53.26%. Since metal containers are considered high value recycling containers, they are cleaned and sorted before disposal, which is the first step of the circular economy.

資源回收機器可以透過瓶身條碼分辨鐵罐及鋁罐,那我們要如何用最簡易的方式分辨呢?「隨手一捏」其實就是一個分辨方式!捏得下去便是鋁罐,它適合用來盛裝具有氣體的飲品,而鐵罐通常較硬、不易變形且有接縫,耐熱度高,通常用來盛裝需要高溫殺菌的食品;另一種方法則是用磁鐵,磁鐵吸得住就是鐵罐,吸不住就是鋁罐。

Recycling equipment can distinguish between iron and aluminum cans from the barcode on them, and what would be the easiest way for us to tell the difference between them? ‘Gently trying to crush the can’ will let you know the difference! If it can be easily crushed, it is an aluminum can and is therefore suitable for filling carbonated drinks. As for iron cans, they are relatively harder, not easily deformed, formed with seams, and are heat resistant. Most of all, iron cans are usually used to fill foods that require high-temperature sterilization. Another way to tell the difference between the two containers is by using a magnet; if the container is attracted by a magnet then it is an iron can, and if not, then it is an aluminum can.

金屬再生!金屬容器循環再利用

Metal Recycling! Circulation of Metal Containers for Reuse

回收的鐵、鋁罐會在回收站被壓縮成塊,鐵罐在廢鐵容器處理業受補貼機構粉碎、去漆後,接著經由風選、磁選系統及人工選別後,才會將碎鐵篩出並將廢棄物及非鐵金屬排除,接著碎鐵被送至鋼鐵熔煉廠作為鋼鐵熔煉過程的攙配料,成為重工業的原料之一,製做各種形狀的鋼鐵產品。

Iron and aluminum cans for recycling will be compressed into blocks at the recycling station. After iron cans are crushed and coatings are removed by the subsidized institutions of the scrap iron container processing industry, the crushed iron will be sieved after being selected by wind and magnetic separation systems, and then manual selection will be carried out. Hence, waste and non-ferrous metals are removed, and the crushed iron is sent to the steel smelting plant as a raw material for the steel smelting process. It becomes one of the raw materials for heavy industry for the manufacture of steel products of various shapes.

鋁罐大多一體成型,除了拉環部分,罐身並無縫隙。回收後送至鋁二級冶煉廠,經熔煉處理及淨化後,可製成鋁錠或鋁鎂合金錠等原料,成為生活中常見的汽車輪框、家用鋁門窗等產品的原料之一,抑或是再度成為飲料罐。再者,鋁的外觀具有質感且質輕,十分受到建築業及國防產業的青睞,遂成為綠建築及航空工業的一環。

Most aluminum cans are integrally formed so the can body is seamless except for the ring pull. After recovery, the cans are sent to a secondary aluminum refinery. After smelting and purification, it can be made into aluminum ingots or aluminum-magnesium alloy ingots and other raw materials as it becomes one of the raw materials for common life items such as automobile tire rims, residential aluminum doors and windows, or it may once again become beverage cans. In addition, the appearance and texture of lightweight aluminum makes it very popular among the construction and defense industries, thus it has become part of the green building and aviation industries.

回收前先洩氣,守護環境確保清運安全 

Vent before recycling to protect the environment and ensure transportation safety

圖說:瓦斯罐在回收前務必在空曠處將瓦斯完全洩氣排出。(圖/中華民國經濟部)
圖說:瓦斯罐在回收前務必在空曠處將瓦斯完全洩氣排出。(圖/中華民國經濟部

Before recycling, be sure to completely vent cans that contain gas in an open space.

此外,屬於廢容器類中的高壓瓶罐,應先經過妥善處理才能交付給資源回收車。高壓瓶罐包含髮膠罐、造型噴霧、芳香劑、殺蟲劑、瓦斯罐、噴漆等,由於容器內含有易燃氣體或有機溶劑,在遇到高溫或垃圾車壓縮時容易引爆起火,基管會呼籲民眾落實垃圾分類的同時也應在回收前至空曠處將內容物完全洩氣排出,以確保清運過程的安全。

In addition, high-pressure bottles and cans that are categorized as waste containers should be properly treated before delivery to recycling trucks. High-pressure bottle and cans include hair spray cans, styling sprays, fragrances, insecticides, gas cans, spray paint, and others. Since these containers contain flammable gases or organic solvents, they can easily ignite when exposed to high temperatures or compressed by garbage trucks. As such, the Recycling Fund Management Board calls on the general public to implement waste sorting, and the contents should be completely vented in an open space before being taken to the recycling truck to ensure transportation safety.

圖說:多數歐美國家採用的回收方式則是設置回收機器,機器自動掃描容器上的條碼,判斷回收類型,再將購買時被強制收取的押金或稅金退回給消費者,作為回收獎勵。近年來臺灣也開始設置回收機器,提供更便利的回收管道,緩解民眾追趕資源回收車的另類壓力;圖為新竹市SeedU自動資源回收機,可回收廢寶特瓶及廢鐵鋁罐。(攝/邱之蓉)
圖說:多數歐美國家採用的回收方式則是設置回收機器,機器自動掃描容器上的條碼,判斷回收類型,再將購買時被強制收取的押金或稅金退回給消費者,作為回收獎勵。近年來臺灣也開始設置回收機器,提供更便利的回收管道,緩解民眾追趕資源回收車的另類壓力;圖為新竹市SeedU自動資源回收機,可回收廢寶特瓶及廢鐵鋁罐。(攝/邱之蓉)

The recycling method adopted in most European and American countries involves the use of a recycling machine that will automatically scan the barcode on the container to determine the type of recycling, and return the deposit or tax compulsorily collected from consumers at the time of purchase as a reward for recycling. In recent years, Taiwan has also begun to set up recycling machines to provide more convenient recycling channels to make it easier for the general public who sometimes have to chase after the recycling trucks. The picture shows SeedU automatic recycling machines in Hsinchu City, which recycles waste bottles and waste iron as well as aluminum cans.

行政院環境保護署推動循環型經濟為主軸策略之一,以廢鋁容器的再生回收產值為例,全年碎片處理後之碎片產值達8.2億元以上。在推動廢棄物減量、廢棄資源物妥善回收、處理之後,以延伸生產者責任、架構資源回收法令與經濟誘因為執行方向,以引導物質使用形成資源循環,提升資源物再利用技術與再生料產品高值化為目標。

One of the primary strategies of the EPA of the Executive Yuan is the promotion of the circular economy. Taking the recycling output value of waste aluminum containers as an example, the annual output value of waste after treatment has reached over NT$820 million. After promoting waste reduction and the proper recycling and disposal of wastes, it is fundamental to extend producer responsibility, establish resource recycling laws, and economic incentives to guide the use of materials to create a resource cycle. As such, it helps improve resource reuse technologies and renewable high-value materials as the ultimate target.

 

延伸閱讀影音:【中/英】Dr.R拿了回收廢金屬容器竟然是要!?

 

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